December 29, 2014
Many patients with Lyme disease report MRI results that show inflammation and demyelination in the prefrontal cortex areas. Some experts think these abnormalities are linked to the abnormal cognition seen in many Lyme patients.
The prefrontal cortex continues to have significant growth and development until a person is in their middle 20s. This area of the brain is responsible for focusing attention, critical decision-making, and controlling and regulating social behavior.
Many researchers think that the poor decision making and often erratic and reckless behavior of teenagers is at least partly due to a still developing prefrontal area.
Studies have shown that pychopaths also have poorly functioning or abnormally developed prefrontal areas.